Autonomia robotnicza

Autonomia robotnicza
Aby zapobiec degeneracji ruchu społecznego, włoscy autonomiści zrealizowali koncepcję, wybiegającą o krok dalej od realiów ruchów czy partii oficjalnie kontestujących, lecz rzeczywiście potwierdzających istnienie kapitalizmu, w jego ewentualnie odświeżonej formie i treści. Dokonali analizy z punktu widzenia tych, którzy najbardziej odczuwali agresywny charakter gospodarki.

Marksizm i anarchizm

Marksizm i anarchizm
Upadek marksizmu w sferze politycznej i kompromitacja praktycznej realizacji idei „dyktatury proletariatu”, pociągnęły za sobą ogromne przeobrażenia na płaszczyźnie kulturowej. Ideolodzy systemu kapitalistycznego, mogli więc ogłosić „koniec historii”, ruch rewolucyjny został wyrugowany nie tylko w sensie fizycznym, zniknął również z ludzkich umysłów.

Teorie kryzysu

Teorie kryzysu
Czy kryzysy są wpisane w naturę sytemu kapitalistycznego, czy też są wywołane czynnikami wobec niego zewnętrznymi? Rozstrzygnięcie tego dylematu oczywiście ma spore znaczenie dla postawy, jaką dziś przyjmiemy: odrzucimy system w całości, czy będziemy starali się go jedynie reformować... aby dotrwał do następnego wstrząsu.

Samorządowa alternatywa

Samorządowa alternatywa
Czy w latach 80. istniała w ruchu "Solidarność" samorządowa alternatywa, zarówno dla PRL-owskiego socjalizmu, jak i dla kapitalizmu? Co się z nią stało? Czy samorządowa rewolucja została zdradzona, a jeśli tak to przez kogo? Na te pytania, mające fundamentalne znaczenie dla zrozumienia dzisiejszej sytuacji w Polsce, staramy się znaleźć odpowiedź w "Przeglądzie".

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The Anarchist Review presents debates of radical social movements in Poland and abroad. By promoting and criticizing libertarian trends we develop knowledge about self-organisation, action strategies, and the latest programmatic ideas. You can find theoretical texts beside reports on practical activity, all that with a global perspective.

DEMOCRACY OR PARTICIPATION?

Czapka | Participatory Budgeting – Money and Ideologies
The concept of participatory budgeting carries the spirit of the 1990s, the faith in socio-economic transformation. Porto Alegre stood out as the living incarnation of the slogan „Another world is possible”. The city became a destination for many activists, including those who carry the black and red flag.

Sveinung Legard | Democratizing the Municipality, the Promise of Participatory Budgeting
It is not enough talk about future social changes, we have to work for concrete changes in the here and now that might move us in the direction of the society we desire implying, among other things, building up an alternative power structure that eventually will have to confront and try to replace the present oligarchic one.

Krzysztof Król | Local governments selling out public interests
Local governments pursue one-sided development policies, whereby public infrastructure benefits special interest groups only. By doing that they act against various forms of social self-organization. In the past 20 years this has had a negative effect on local communities and their development.

RECLAIM THE CITY – THE BOURGEOISIE RETURNS TO THE CITY

Neil Smith | New Globalism, New Urbanism: Gentrification as Global Urban Strategy
Four sets of events in New York City at the end of the 1990s succinctly captured some of the central contours of the new neoliberal urbanism.

Rałał Rudnicki | Gentrification: Origins, Mechanisms and Examples from Warsaw

In the last 20 years Poland’s big cities have seen many changes in connection with the introduction of the market economy and neoliberal city politics.

Benjamin Cope | Report from Praga: Mega-Plans, Micro-Modernisation and Precarious Urbanism
The upcoming European Football Championship in Ukraine/Poland in 2012 has lead to an increased social sensitivity to social and urban development processes in the Praga-district of Warsaw. It has  attracted the interest of various actors: developers, journalists, social activists, entrepreneurs, politicians and scientists.

Mateusz Gierszon | The Subjectivity of Urban Districts. Between Gentrification and Revitalization
True revitalization might involve planning but always leaves space for developmental impetus from an urban district. But „revitalization” as a guided form of gentrification always follows a comprehensive as well as detailed plan. Thus local governments often consciously opt for gentrification.

Gentrification as an Ideology. Leftist Neighborhood Initiatives and how their Relate to the Economy and Urban Space

The subcultural left with its politics „in the first person” wants to politically charge their own lives. But one consequence is that capitalism has it in for anyone personally. Any change in the neighborhood is perceived as a threat to ones own way of life. And then this threat is being generalized by the claim that the feared changes are directed against the socially weak. Individual demands for specific, alternative forms of living and consuming are presented as a general interest.

THE REPRODUCTION OF EVERYDAY LIFE

Patric Cuninghame | Italian Feminism, Workerism and Autonomy in the 1970s : The Struggle Against Unpaid Reproductive Labor and Violence
One of the foremost practitioners of autonomy has been the women’s movement, the meeting of whose needs had historically been postponed by „the revolutionary party” until after the conquest of State power and the establishment of socialism, the issue of gender being firmly subordinated to that of class.

Stevphen Shukaitis | Nobody Knows What an Insurgent Body Can Do
Strangely enough, because housework, caring labor, and many other forms of social labor were not directly waged, it was often assumed that they simply took place outside of the workings of capitalism, as if they existed in some sort of pre-capitalist status that had mysteriously managed to persist into the present.

Mariarosa Dalla Costa | Development and Reproduction

In Chiapas I was struck by the numerous posters put up by women’s right activists alongside the posters in praise of the guerrilla heroes. The great work achieved by these women took on new substance and became known throughout the world, disclosing how much progress had also been made within the community as regards the relationship between the sexes.

Silvia Federici | Precarious Labor: A Feminist Viewpoint
An important premise in the Italian autonomists’ theory of precarious labor is that the precariazation of work, from the late seventies to present, has been a capitalist response to the class struggle of the sixties, a struggle that was centered on the refusal of work, of as expressed in the slogan “more money less work.” It was a response to a cycle of struggle that challenged the capitalist command over labor, in a sense realizing the workers’ refusal of the capitalist work discipline, the refusal of a life organized by the needs of capitalist production, a life spent in a factory or in office.

Kevin Van Meter/Team Colors Collective | “To Show the Fire and the Tenderness”: Self-Reproducing Movements and Struggle In, Around, and Against the Current Crisis in the United States
We believe that movements which build from everyday life and incorporate reproduction into their work are particularly important in the current crisis. Such struggles include our own self-reproduction, providing a base from which to defend ourselves and struggle on a multitude of other terrains. They provide a foundation to launch further attacks on capital and the state apparatus.

MIGRATION IN EUROPE WITHOUT BORDERS

De Fabel van de Illegaal – Against the Myth of Illegality
Interview with a member of De Fabel van de Illegaal, a Dutch group that promotes grassroots self-organization and solidarity. They support migrants in their social center in Leiden, Netherlands, for instance, by providing legal advice and organizing medical care for the undocumented.

Łukasz Wójcicki | The Terror of European Migration Policies

Representatives of Frontex call the wave of migration from mainly African countries and Southern Europe a „problem”. Regardless of their social, political or economic situation, which forces them to leave their country, migrants are described as criminals who illegally cross the Schengen borders.

Devi Sacchetto | Offshore Outsourcing and Migrations: The South-Eastern and Central Eastern European Case
From the fall of the Berlin Wall, the EU seems to have changed from a facilitator of trade to a sophisticated trendsetter in social and economic policies, not only for all its present members and for those who are waiting for admission, but also for some countries of the Mediterranean southern rim.

Jarosław Urbański | Use your gun or leave! The Impact of Polish Labor Migration
The antagonistic character of capitalist labor relations and its expansion generates new conflicts, often at the destinations and concentration points of labor migration. Migration might be initiated for the pursuit of capitalist profits, but it is also a threat to the capitalist economy.

The Boss is God in Poland

Interview with Radosław Sawicki, activist of Inicjatywa Pracownicza (Workers’ Initiative) and the Irish Independent Workers’ Union. He initiated several prominent strikes of Polish and other Eastern European migrants in Ireland.

Split between Two Worlds
Interview with Roman Lupiński, activist from the libertarian milieu in Poznań, Inicjatywa Pracownicza (Workers’ Initiative) and the Irish Mandate Trade Union.

VARIOUS SUBJECTS

Jarosław Urbański  | Crisis – Adjustment or Breakdown of the System?

Summary of the conference „Crisis – Adjustment or Breakdown of the System?”, which took place on December 5 and 6, 2009, in Warsaw. During the conference various analyses of the current economic crisis and its relation to social protests were presented. The conference was co-organized by Przegląd Anarchistyczny (Anarchist Review).

Mihai Varga | Ukraine: Kherson Occupation
The combine factory in Kherson is the only place in Eastern Europe where – in the context of the current economic crisis - workers have dared to question the quintessential capitalist institution, property rights. It represents a tremendous precedent that reshapes and redefines what workers can achieve and hope for.

Aufheben/Harry Cleaver | From Operaismo to Autonomist Marxism/A Response

In 2003 the British Marxist journal Aufheben reviewed two books: Steve Wright’s „Storming Heaven”, which discusses theoretical aspects of the Italian Marxist Current known as Operaismo; and Harry Cleaver’s „Reading ‘Capital’ Politically” with its political interpretation of Karl Marx’ „Capital”. This is followed by Harry Cleavers response.
Artykuł aktualizowany: 16.02.2011